No work of this type can be the work of only one person. The historical record is steeped with information that a current work must reference and discuss. During visits to museums and galleries, the author has met and discussed various aspects of the photogram, photography, its purposes, messages, ideas, and techniques. I would like to thank the following people who have in their own way contributed to this work. Patricia Laligant of Patricia Laligant Gallery, New York City, New York for making me aware of the photograms of Marcel Bovis, Michael Shapiro of Michael Shapiro Photographs of San Francisco for helpful discussions and for allowing me to borrow research material on the photogram. Thanks also to Susan Herzig at Paul M. Hetzmann, Inc, San Francisco for information on Ei Kyu.
I have also accessed many websites during preparation of this work. I have referenced these web sites where they are the only source that I have for the information. Where possible, I have tried to reference, printed material that is accessible in libraries or individual books. There have been several instances where upon return to web sites accessed earlier in the project the site had either removed important material or had disappeared completely. I don’t feel comfortable referencing material that the reader may not be able to find, due to the transient nature of web sites, so wherever possible I have relied on the tried and true hard copy for as many references as possible.
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from History of the Photographic Method www.allerli.gmxhome.de/history.htm
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Martinez, Adolfo, in PhotoVision 22, a quarterly publication, 1981, Arte y Proyectos Editoriales, S. L., p 4.
PhotoVision 22, a quarterly publication, 1981, Arte y Proyectos Editoriales, S. L. p 16.
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Black and White Magazine, December 2005, see photograms
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Neususs, Floris M., Das Fotogramm in der Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts, Die andere Seite der Bilder - Fotografie ohne Kamera, DuMont Buchverlag Koln, 1990.
Arning, Bill and Joel Smith, Kunie Sugiura: Dark Matters/Light Affairs", Pamela Auchincloss Gallery, ISBN 0295980389
Fuss, Adam, in The New York Times Style Magazine, Women's Fashion Spring 2006, pp 196-201.
Jones, Bernard E., Peter C. Bunnell and Robert Sobieszek, Eds., Encyclopedia of Photography, Arno Press, New York, 1974.
Focus magazine, Vol. 2, Issue 7, June 2006, pp 101-106.
SFMOMA, Picturing Modernity: Highlights of the Photography Collection of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, September 2006-ongoing.
Fundaciõ Antoni Tãpies, Laszló Moho;y-Nagy Photograms 1922-1943, http://www.fundaciotapies.org/site/rubrique.php3?id_rubrique=471
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Linda McCartney, Sun Prints, Bulfinch Press, Little, Brown and Company, 2000.
Sotheby's Phtoographs from the Colllection of Nancy Richardson, New York, Tuesday October 16, 2007, p50.
Coleman, A. D., Light Readings, Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1998.
Grundberg, Andy and Gauss and McCarthy, Kathleen, Inventions and Transformations – the Photos of Thomas Barrow Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1998.
The Extended Document, Rochester, New York: International Center of Photography, George Eastman House, 1975.
Sobieszek, Robert A., “Masterpieces of Photography from the George Eastman House Collections”, New York, Abbeville Press, 1985. p 411.
Jaromir Rossler Czech Avant-Garde Photographer, edited by Vladimir Birgis, Jan Mlcoch, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
Antonin Dufek, Abstract and Non-Figurative Tendencies in Czech Photographic Avant-Garde 1918-1948, edited by Vladimir Birgus, MIT Press 2002, p77